Navigating the New EU Battery Regulations: What You Need to Know

Ronak Diwan
Content Writer
26 Mar
min read
Navigating the NEW EU Battery Regulations


In a rapidly evolving landscape where sustainability and safety are paramount, the European Union has introduced groundbreaking regulations to govern the battery industry. Regulation 2023/1542, approved in July 2023, heralds a new era of standardised practices aimed at promoting environmental responsibility and enhancing consumer safety. This blog post delves deep into the intricacies of these regulations, providing a comprehensive guide for stakeholders across the battery value chain.

Understanding the Regulatory Landscape

The EU Battery Regulation replaces the previous Battery Directive (2006/66/EC) and introduces a host of new legislative measures. Its overarching goal is to harmonise legislation pertaining to battery sustainability and safety, setting a benchmark for industry players to adhere to.

Key Provisions of the Regulations:

  1. Battery Categories: The new regulations introduce distinct categories for batteries, covering a wide range of applications such as portable, industrial, automotive, electric vehicle (EV), and light means of transport (LMT) batteries. Each category is subject to specific requirements and regulations tailored to its use.
  2. CE Marking Requirements: Effective from August 18, 2024, manufacturers are obligated to affix the CE marking to batteries before they are placed on the market or put into service. This marking signifies compliance with EU safety, health, and environmental protection standards. In certain cases, notified bodies may be involved in the process of granting the CE marking for particular types of batteries.
  3. Battery Passport Implementation: Commencing February 18, 2027, batteries in the categories of LMT, EV, and industrial with a capacity exceeding 2 kWh must be electronically registered with a battery passport. This passport will feature an identification QR code and the CE marking, providing comprehensive information specific to the batteries. It will include details regarding sustainability requirements, battery handling instructions, and state of health data, facilitating recycling operations and repurposing initiatives.
  4. Carbon Footprint Calculation and Recycled Content Targets: Starting from August 18, 2024, the regulations mandate the calculation of the carbon footprint of batteries and the establishment of recycled content targets for various elements such as cobalt, lead, lithium, and nickel. The methodologies for these calculations will be specified through delegated acts and implementation acts.
  5. Removability and Replaceability Requirements: As of February 18, 2027, portable batteries must be easily removable and replaceable by end-users, while LMT, EV, and industrial batteries should be similarly accessible for replacement by independent professionals.
  6. Safety Testing for Stationary Battery Energy Storage Systems (SBESS): The regulations introduce safety testing requirements specifically for stationary battery energy storage systems (SBESS).
  7. Due Diligence Obligations: Producers and producer responsibility organisations (PROs) are mandated to adopt and communicate due diligence policies for batteries by August 18, 2025. These policies entail establishing management systems to support due diligence efforts, identifying and assessing risks in the supply chain, and devising strategies to address identified risks. Third-party verification by a notified body is a requisite component of the due diligence process.
  8. Recycling and Material Recovery Targets: Effective from December 31, 2027, the regulations establish recycling efficiency targets and material recovery targets for specific elements in recycling and treatment facilities for batteries.
  9. Information and Labeling Requirements: The regulations stipulate requirements for information and labeling, encompassing the implementation of a battery passport, specific labeling criteria (chemistry, lifetime, charging capacity, collection, hazardous substances, safety risks), establishment of electronic databases, and provision of second-life data sets. These measures aim to enhance information provision and traceability throughout the battery lifecycle.
  10. Shipment of Waste Batteries: Addressing the shipment of waste batteries outside the EU is an integral aspect of the regulations.
  11. Reporting Obligations: The regulations introduce reporting obligations with specific deadlines for implementing various aspects of the regulation. Different requirements come into effect in phases spanning from 2024 to 2028.

Insights from Maxwell Energy

In a recent interview with Basavaraj, Maxwell Energy's compliance expert, we gained valuable insights into the implications of the new EU Battery Regulations. Basavaraj emphasised the importance of proactive compliance measures and highlighted Maxwell's commitment to innovation and sustainability.

Maxwell Energy: Leading the Charge for Compliance and Innovation

At Maxwell Energy, we're not just keeping pace with the evolving battery industry regulations – We are setting the standard. As the European Union ushers in groundbreaking regulations with Regulation 2023/1542, we're at the forefront of compliance and innovation, ensuring our customers remain ahead of the curve.

Our Commitment to Compliance

The new EU Battery Regulations represent a significant shift towards sustainability, safety, and transparency in the battery industry. At Maxwell Energy, compliance isn't just a checkbox – it's a cornerstone of our philosophy. We've meticulously tailored our products to meet and exceed the requirements of these regulations, ensuring our customers' peace of mind and facilitating seamless integration into their operations.

Introducing Our Cutting-edge BMS Solutions

From the CT Lite to AVA+ and HP Safe BMS, our Battery Management System (BMS) solutions are engineered with compliance and innovation in mind. Whether it's dynamic paralleling, thermal runaway detection, or configurable CAN communication, our BMS solutions are designed to address the nuances of the new regulations while delivering unparalleled performance and reliability.

Maxwell's BMS

Our Compliance Efforts in Action

With these advanced BMS solutions, we're not just meeting regulatory standards – we're exceeding them. Our commitment to innovation and sustainability drives us to continually push the boundaries of compliance while empowering our customers to navigate the complexities of the new EU Battery Regulations with confidence.


The new EU Battery Regulations represent a significant step forward in promoting sustainability, safety, and transparency in the battery industry. By aligning with these regulations, companies can demonstrate their commitment to environmental responsibility and consumer safety while fostering innovation and competitiveness. Maxwell Energy remains dedicated to supporting  our customers in navigating these regulations and driving positive change in the battery industry.